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Much of the early Greek arithmetic and geometry can be traced back to the Pythagoreans. He worked on the problems of squaring the circle and duplicating the cube. Among his accomplishments was to bring the ordinary citizen into the Athenian democracy.
While working on the problem of squaring the circle, he was able to find the areas of lunes. E.) Hippocrates of Cos is known to us as the Father of Western Medicine and he is credited with originating the Hippocratic Oath that all doctors take upon completing their studies. He was a gifted orator as was documented by the historian Thycidides.
Wheeled vehicles first appeared in Mesopotamia (the region between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers ) around 3000 B. The wheels on the earliest vehicles were fixed to the axles rather than rotating around a hub.
The axles themselves were held in place with wooden pegs on each side of the axle.
The fear of the power of this empire by Sparta lead to the Peloponnesian War and while Athens was besieged by the enemy outside the walls, a terrible plague raged within.This papyrus was copied by an unknown scribe (around 1850 B. It contains 25 mathematics problems involving simple “equations” and solutions. The problem that generates the most interest is the calculation of the volume of a truncated pyramid (a square based pyramid with the top portion removed). E.) who claimed it was obtained from another document written about 2000 B. It contains over 80 problems and solutions as well as a table of decomposition of fractions of the form 2/n. E., a natural catastrophe occurred in the area around Crete which, according to the famous Greek archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos, eventually led to the collapse of the mighty Minoan civilization.The Egyptians seemed to know the formula for this even though this is a difficult formula to derive. Ahmes may well be the earliest “named” person in the history of mathematics. Modern geological research has proved this theory to be correct.(Legend has it that this Minoan civilization is the lost civilization of Atlantis! E.) Thales seems to be the first known Greek mathematician and philosopher. Pythagoras founded a philosophical and religious school in Croton (now Crotone, in southern Italy) that had many followers.) The Founding of Rome is very much embroiled in the myth involving Romulus and Remus and Aeneas. This date has been traditionally celebrated in Rome with the festival of Parilia. He is often referred to as one of the Seven Sages of antiquity. (Pythagoras had started an earlier school in Samos which he abandoned.) Pythagoras was the leader of a Society (Brotherhood) which included an inner circle of followers known as mathematikoi.
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It appears that rather than contradict each other, the tale of Aeneas adds to that of Romulus and Remus. This agrees very closely to the established legend that Rome was founded on 21 April 753 B. He is also credited by some historians with being the “Father of deductive geometry.” Thales is usually credited with five theorems of elementary geometry: A circle is bisected by any diameter. The mathematikoi lived permanently with the Society, had no personal possessions and were vegetarians.