New automobile tire dating
Did not travel to: Art Gallery, State University of New York, Albany, July 1–August 14, 1970; Marion Koogler Mc Nay Art Institute, San Antonio, Texas, August 30–October 4, 1970.Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, October 31–December 13, 1970., National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. Traveled to: Museum of Modern Art, New York, March 25–May 17, 1977; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, June 24–August 21, 1977; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, September 25–October 30, 1977; Art Institute of Chicago, December 3, 1977–January 15, 1978., Staatliche Kunsthalle Berlin, March 23–May 4, 1980.This print is, in fact, a twenty-two-foot-long tire tread mark.Twenty separate sheets of yellowed paper have been glued together horizontally, each one overlapping the next by an inch or two.Such scavenging and reuse of found materials lent Rauschenberg’s art a sense of place and came to define the aesthetic of his Combines (1953–64), a group of works that blur the boundaries between painting, sculpture, and collage.With , Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, April 1–May 10, 1970.In 1953, the artist directed composer John Cage (1912–1992) to drive his Model A Ford in a straight line over twenty sheets of paper that Rauschenberg had glued together and laid in the road outside his Fulton Street studio in Lower Manhattan.
André Michelin and his brother Edouard, who had previously patented a removable bike tire, were the first to use pneumatic tires on an automobile. It wasn't until Philip Strauss invented the combination tire and air-filled inner tube in 1911 that pneumatic tires could be used on automobiles with success.
Over the years, has been interpreted as a monoprint, a drawing, a performance, a process piece, and a distinctive exploration of indexical mark making.
In its serial imagery (it records nearly three revolutions of Cage’s wheel) and its exceptional length, the tire print is one of the earliest examples of Rauschenberg’s interest in the visual and psychological dimensions of temporal experience, themes he revisited in works such as challenges traditional understandings of art and authorship.
The pneumatic (inflatable) rubber tires that are featured on millions of cars across the world are the result of multiple inventors working across several decades.
And those inventors have names that should be recognizable to anyone who's ever bought tires for their car: Michelin, Goodyear, Dunlop.