In situations where intimidation or retaliation against witnesses is likely (such as cases involving organized crime), witnesses may be placed in witness protection to prevent suspects or their colleagues from intimidating or harming them.In the United Kingdom, witness intimidation is covered by Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, section 51.
Witness tampering is the act of attempting to alter or prevent the testimony of witnesses within criminal or civil proceedings.Instead, he told jurors that he had been promised leniency in his own trial if he would falsely implicate Cousin for the murder.An eyewitness then testified that she saw Cousin commit the murder.The form dates back nearly as early as epic, with such authors as Archilocus and Simonides of Ceos from early in the history of Greece.The first great elegiac poet of the Hellenistic period was Philitas of Cos: Augustan poets identified his name with great elegiac writing.
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Under this act it is an offence to perform an act which is intended to and does intimidate a person who the offender knows or believes to be involved with a criminal case with the intention of disturbing the proceedings. § 1512, which defines it as "tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant." The punishment for such an offense is up to 20 years if physical force was used, attempted, or threatened. The Supreme Court ruled that Section 1512 had been misinterpreted by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, and reversed the decision of the lower court which had found the firm guilty of violating the section.