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It is also affiliated with the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress.
In 2007 there were three synagogues in Baku: a Mountain Jewish congregation, which is the oldest and largest of the Jewish houses of worship, an Ashkenazi synagogue, and a Georgian one.
Jevsei Gindes served as Minister of Healthcare and Social Security of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918-1919, and is considered the founder of modern pediatric medicine in the country.
Many Ashkenazi Jews emigrated from Azerbaijan in the post-1972 aliyah, with the result that by the mid-1990s Mountain Jews were the country’s largest Jewish group.
Beginning in the 1960s, Azerbaijan's Jewish community experienced a cultural revival.
Jewish samizdat publications started being printed. Many cultural and Zionist organizations were reestablished in Baku and Sumqayit since 1987, and the first legal Hebrew courses in the Soviet Union were given in Baku.
Mountain Jews are distinct from the Georgian Jews of the Caucasus Mountains.
In Russian, Qırmızı Qəsəbə, believed to be the oldest Jewish town outside of Israel, was once referred to as Yevreskaya Sloboda (Jewish Village), but during Soviet times it was renamed Krasnaya Sloboda (Red Village).
On May 31, 2007, a groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of the Ohr Avner Chabad Centre for Jewish Studies took place in Baku. There are 10 to 15 Jewish bodies in Baku, including Zionist groups, youth associations, and an Azerbaijan-Israel Friendship Organization.
The Jewish Community of Azerbaijan was affiliated with the WJC at the organization’s 13th Plenary Assembly in 2009.
The Mountain Jews survived numerous historical vicissitudes by settling in extremely remote and mountainous areas.
They were known to be accomplished warriors and horseback riders.