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For instance, once a student correctly recalled the translation for mashua, the program moved on to other vocabulary words, but prompts to practice retrieval of the translation for mashua would pop up later on in the program.In this way, the retrieval opportunities were spaced throughout the learning session. The read-recite-review study strategy: Effective and portable.Once a word was recalled, the computer program required the students to practice retrieving the items three more times.One repeated retrieval condition had the three recall trials happen immediately, three times in a row.To learn something new, according to this view, the challenge lies in getting knowledge "in" one's mental space.Getting it back "out" when needed is important, too, but learning is usually identified with the encoding of new knowledge in memory.
Every time a memory is retrieved, that memory becomes more accessible in the future.The students studied a list of vocabulary words, then attempted to retrieve the whole list, studied it again, retrieved it again, and so on across alternating study and retrieval practice blocks.There were several different conditions in the experiment. Bradley associate professor of psychological sciences at Purdue University.He received a BA in psychology from Indiana University and a Ph D in psychology from Washington University in St. Karpicke's research sits at the interface between cognitive science and education, with the goal of identifying effective strategies that promote long-term learning and comprehension. Karpicke was the recipient of the Janet Taylor Spence Award for Transformative Early Career Contributions from Association for Psychological Science, a National Science Foundation CAREER award, and the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. The movie "Inside Out" (2015) takes us inside the mind of its young protagonist, an 11-year-old girl named Riley, and depicts memory in a way that is sure to resonate with many people.
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In the experiment (Karpicke & Bauernschmidt, 2011), students learned a list of foreign language words (e.g., Swahili vocabulary words like "mashua — boat") across cycles of study and recall trials.